|Ruling Body: New Zealand Cricket|
|Captain : Kane Williamson|
|Coach: Mike Hesson|
|Granted Test status: 10 January 1930|
|Current international ranking: Official ICC rankings|
|- P 422, W 89, L 170, D 163, T 0||- P 726, W 323, L 359, T 6, NR 38||- P 97, W 50, L 44, T 1, NR 2|
highest test totals:
- 690 v Pakistan (2014)
- 680/8d v India (2014)
- 624 v Australia (2015)
highest ODI totals:
- 398/5 v England (2015)
- 393/6 v West Indies (2015)
- 369/5 v Pakistan (2015)
highest T20 totals:
- 204/5 v Bangladesh (2013)
- 202/5 v Zimbabwe (2012)
- 201/4 v England (2013)
|Capped players: 272||Capped players: 192||Capped players: 74|
|Highest individual score: 302 (BB McCullum)||Highest individual score: 237* (Martin Guptill)||Highest individual score: 123 (BB McCullum)|
|Most career runs: 7,172 (SP Fleming)||Most career runs: 8,037 (SP Fleming)||Most career runs: 2,140 (BB McCullum)|
|Best bowling (innings): 9/52 (RJ Hadlee)||Best bowling: 7/33 (TG Southee)||Best bowling: 5/18 (TG Southee)|
|Best bowling (match): 15/123 (RJ Hadlee)|
|Most career wickets: 431 (RJ Hadlee)||Most career wickets: 305 (DL Vettori)||Most career wickets: 58* (NL McCullum)|
|Highest team inns: 690 v Pakistan - 2014||Highest team inns: 402/2 v Ireland - 2008||Highest team inns: 214/6 v Australia - 2010|
|Highest run chase achieved: 324/5 v Pakistan - 1994||Highest run chase achieved: 350/9 v Australia - 2007||Highest run chase achieved: 202/5 v Zimbabwe - 2012|
|Average RpO: 2.72||Average RpO: 4.79||Average RpO: 7.93|
|7172 - SP Fleming
6453 - BB McCullum
6030 - LRPL Taylor
5444 - MD Crowe
5334 - JG Wright
|8007 - SP Fleming
7090 - NJ Astle
6338 - LRPL Taylor
6083 - BB McCullum
5414 - MJ Guptill
|2140 - BB McCullum
1806 - MJ Guptill
1256 - LRPL Taylor
1125- KS Williamson
601 - C Munro
|431 - Sir RJ Hadlee
361 - DL Vettori
233 - CS Martin
218 - CL Cairns
204 - TG Southee
|297 - DL Vettori
240 - KD Mills
203 - CZ Harris
200 - CL Cairns
173 - JDP Oram
|58 - NL McCullum
46 - TG Southee
43 - KD Mills
38 - DL Vettori
30 - MJ McClenaghan
- 387 - GM
2nd - 297 - BB McCullum/KS Williamson
3rd - 467 - AH Jones/MD Crowe
4th - 271 - LRPL Taylor/JD Ryder
5th - 222 - NJ Astle/CD McMillan
6th - 365* - KS Williamson/BJ Watling
7th - 225 - CL Cairns/JDP Oram
8th - 256 - SP Fleming/JEC Franklin
9th - 136 - IDS Smith/MCSnedden
10th - 151 - BF Hastings/Ro Collinge
- 274 - JAH
2nd - 179 - KS Williamson/NT Broom
3rd - 206 - KS Williamson/LRPL Taylor
4th - 191 - JD Ryder/CJ Anderson
5th - 195 - LRPL Taylor/KS Williamson
6th - 267* - GD Elliott/L Ronchi
7th - 123 - NT Broom/JDP Oram
8th - 94 - JEC Franklin/NL McCullum
9th - 83 - KD Mills/TG Southee
10th - 76 - L Ronchi/MJ McClenaghan
- 171* - MJ
2nd - 114 - HD Rutherford/BB McCullum
3rd - 137 - MJ Guptill/KS Williamson
4th - 124 - KS Williamson/CJ Anderson
5th - 68 - BB McCullum/GJ Hopkins
6th - 85* - BB McCullum/L Ronchi
7th - 50* - BB McCullum/NL McCullum
8th - 40 - SB Styris/JW Wilson
9th - 35 - JDP Oram/MR Gillespie
10th - 28 - JDP Oram/JS Patel
As at May 26, 2017
The New Zealand cricket team, also known as the Black Caps, played their first Test in 1929–30 against England in Christchurch, New Zealand, becoming the fifth Test nation. It took the team until 1955–56 to win a Test, against the West Indies at Eden Park in Auckland. They played their first ODI in the 1972–73 season against Pakistan in Christchurch.
The current Test, One-day and Twenty20 captain is Daniel Vettori. He replaced New Zealand's most successful captain, Stephen Fleming, who led New Zealand to 28 Test victories, more than twice as many as any other captain. Vettori lost his first match as captain (vs South Africa) by 358 runs, New Zealand's worst ever defeat by runs.
The New Zealand cricket team became known as the Black Caps in January 1998, after its sponsor at the time, Clear Communications, held a competition to choose a name for the team.
The reverend Henry Williams provided history with the first report of a game of cricket in New Zealand when he wrote in his diary in December 1832 about boys in and around Paihia on Horotutu Beach playing cricket. In 1835, Charles Darwin and the HMS Beagle called in to the Bay of Islands on its epic circumnavigation of the Earth and Darwin witnessed a game of cricket played by freed Maori slaves and the son of a missionary at Waimate North. Darwin in The Voyage of the Beagle wrote:
"...several young men redeemed by the missionaires from slavery were employed on the farm. In the evening I saw a party of them at cricket."
The first recorded game of cricket in New Zealand took place in Wellington in December 1842. The Wellington Spectator reports a game on December 28, 1842 played by a “Red” team and a “Blue” team from the Wellington Club. The first fully recorded match was reported by the Examiner in Nelson between the Surveyors and Nelson in March 1844.
The first team to tour New Zealand was Parr's all England XI in 1863–64. Between 1864 and 1914, 22 foreign teams toured NZ. England sent 6 teams, Australia 15 and Fiji 1.
On the 15, 16, 17 of February, 1894 the first team representing New Zealand played New South Wales at Lancaster Park in Christchurch. NSW won by 160 runs. New South Wales returned again in 1895–96 and NZ won the solitary game by 142 runs, its first victory. The New Zealand Cricket Council was formed towards the end of 1894.
New Zealand played its first two internationals (not Tests) in 1904–05 against a star-studded Australia team containing such players as Victor Trumper, Warwick Armstrong and Clem Hill. Rain saved NZ from a thrashing in the first match but not the second which NZ lost by an innings and 358 runs – currently the second largest defeat in NZ first-class cricket.
In 1927 NZ toured England. They played 26 first class matches, mostly against county sides. They managed to beat Worcestershire, Glamorgan, Somerset, and Derbyshire. On the strength of the performances on this tour NZ was granted Test status.
In 1929/30 the M.C.C toured NZ and played 4 Tests all of 3 days in duration. NZ lost its first Test match but drew the next 3. In the second Test Stewie Dempster and Jackie Mills put on 276 for the first wicket. This is still the highest partnership against England.
NZ first played South Africa in 1931–32 but were unable to secure Test matches against any teams other than England before World War II ended all Test cricket for 7 years. NZ's first Test after the war was against Australia in 1945/46. This game was not considered a "Test" at the time but it was granted Test status retrospectively by the International Cricket Council in March, 1948. The NZ players who appeared in this match probably did not appreciate this move by the ICC as NZ were dismissed for 42 and 54. The New Zealand Cricket Council's unwillingness to pay Australian players a decent allowance to tour NZ ensured that this was the only Test Australia played against NZ between 1929 and 1972.
In 1949 NZ sent one of its best ever sides to England. It contained Bert Sutcliffe, Martin Donnelly, John R. Reid and Jack Cowie. However, 3-day Test matches ensured that all 4 Tests were drawn.
NZ played its first matches against the West Indies in 1951–52, and Pakistan and India in 1955/56.
In 1954/55 NZ recorded the lowest ever innings total, 26 against England. The following season NZ achieved its first Test victory. The first 3 Tests of a 4 Test series were won easily by the West Indies but NZ won the fourth to notch up its first Test victory. It had taken them 45 matches and 26 years. In the next 20 years NZ won only 7 more Tests. For most of this period NZ lacked a class bowler to lead their attack although they had 2 excellent batsmen in Glenn Turner and Bert Sutcliffe and a great all-rounder in John R. Reid.
In 1973 Richard Hadlee debuted and the rate at which NZ won Tests picked up dramatically. Hadlee was one of the best pace bowlers of his generation and played 86 Tests for NZ before he retired in 1990. Of the 86 Tests that Hadlee played in New Zealand won 22 and lost 28. In 1977/78 NZ won its first Test against England, at the 48th attempt. Hadlee took 10 wickets in the match.
During the 1980s NZ also had the services of one of its best ever batsman, Martin Crowe and a number of good players such as John Wright, Bruce Edgar, John F. Reid, Andrew Jones, Geoff Howarth, Jeremy Coney, Ian Smith, John Bracewell, Lance Cairns, Stephen Boock, and Ewen Chatfield, who were capable of playing the occasional match winning performance and consistently making a valuable contribution to a Test match.
The match that epitomized the phenomenon of NZ’s two star players (R. Hadlee and M. Crowe) putting in match winning performances and other players making good contributions was NZ v Australia, 1985 at Brisbane. In Australia's first innings Hadlee took 9-52. In NZ's only turn at bat, M Crowe scored 188 and John F. Reid 108. Edgar, Wright, Coney, Jeff Crowe, V. Brown, and Hadlee scored between 17 and 54*. In Australia’s second innings, Hadlee took 6-71 and Chatfield 3-75. NZ won by an innings and 41 runs.
One-day cricket also gave NZ a chance to compete more regularly than Test cricket with the better sides in world cricket. In one-day cricket a batsman doesn’t need to score centuries to win games for his side and bowlers don’t need to bowl the opposition out. One-day games can be won by one batsman getting a 50, a few others getting 30s, bowlers bowling economically and everyone fielding well. These were requirements New Zealand players could consistently meet and thus developed a good one-day record against all sides.
Perhaps New Zealand's most famous one-day match was the infamous "Under arm" match against Australia at the MCG in 1981. Requiring six runs to tie the match off the final ball, Australian captain Greg Chappell instructed his brother Trevor to "bowl" the ball underarm along the wicket to prevent the New Zealand batsman from hitting a six. The Australian umpires ruled the move as legal even though to this day many believe it was one of the most unsporting decisions made in cricket.
When New Zealand next played in the tri-series in Australia in 1983, Lance Cairns became a cult hero for his one-day batting. In one match against Australia, he hit six sixes at the MCG, one of the world's largest grounds. Few fans remember that NZ lost this game by 149 runs. However, Lance's greatest contribution to NZ cricket was his son Chris Cairns.
Chris Cairns made his debut one year before Hadlee retired in 1990. Cairns, one of New Zealand’s best allrounders, led the 1990s bowling attack with Danny Morrison. Stephen Fleming, NZ’s most prolific scorer, led the batting and the team into the 21st century. Nathan Astle and Craig McMillan also scored plenty of runs for New Zealand, but both retired earlier than expected.
Daniel Vettori made his debut as an 18-year-old in 1997, and when he took over from Fleming as captain in 2007 he was regarded as the best spinning allrounder in world cricket. On 26 August 2009, Daniel Vettori became the eighth player and second left-arm bowler (after Chaminda Vaas) in history to take 300 wickets and score 3000 test runs, joining the illustrious club.
Shane Bond played 17 Tests for NZ between 2001 and 2007 but missed far more through injury. When fit, he added a dimension to the NZ bowling attack that had been missing since Hadlee retired.
The rise of the financial power of the BCCI had an immense effect on NZ cricket and its players. The BCCI managed to convince other boards not to pick players who had joined the rival Twenty-20 Indian Cricket League. NZ Cricket lost the services of Shane Bond, Lou Vincent, Andre Adams, Hamish Marshall and Daryl Tuffey. The money to be made from Twenty-20 cricket in India may have also induced players, such as Craig McMillan and Scott Styris (from Test cricket) to retire earlier than they would have otherwise. After the demise of the Indian Cricket League Bond and Tuffey again played for NZ.
Vettori stood down as Test captain in 2011 leading to star batsman Ross Taylor to take his place. Taylor led New Zealand for a year which included a thrilling win in a low scoring Test match against Australia in Hobart, their first win over Australia since 1993.
In 2012/13 Brendon McCullum became captain and new players such as Kane Williamson, Corey Anderson, Doug Bracewell, Trent Boult and Jimmy Neesham emerged as world-class performers. McCullum captained New Zealand to series wins against the West Indies and India in 2013/14 and both Pakistan and Sri Lanka in 2014/15 increasing New Zealand's rankings in both Test and ODI formats.
In the series against India McCullum scored 302 at Wellington to become New Zealand's first Test triple centurion.
In 2015 the New Zealand national cricket team played under the name of Aotearoa for their first match against Zimbabwe to celebrate Māori Language Week.