|Ruling Body: Afghanistan Cricket Borad|
|Captain : Asghar Stanikzai|
|Granted ICC affiliate membership: 2001|
|Current international ranking : Official ICC rankings|
- P 61, W 31, L 30, T 0, NR 0
|- P 44, W 28, L 16, T 0, NR 0|
highest ODI totals:
- 302/5 v UAE (2014)
- 280/8 v UAE (2014)
- 276/8 v UAE (2014)
highest T20 totals:
- 215/6 v Zimbabwe (2016)
- 210/5 v Scotland (2015)
- 191/5 v Zimbabwe (2015)
|Highest individual score: 131* (Mohammad Shahzad)||Highest individual score: 118* (Mohammad Shahzad)|
|Most career runs: 1,469* (Mohammad Nabi)||Most career runs: 1,287* (Mohammad Shahzad)|
|Best bowling: 5/31 (Rahmat Shah)||Best bowling: 5/13 (Samiullah Shenwari)|
|Most career wickets: 41* (Mohammad Nabi)|
|Most career wickets: 56* (Dawlat Zadran)|
|Highest team inns: 302/5 v UAE - 2014||Highest team inns: 215/6 v Zimbabwe - 2016|
|Highest run chase achieved: 276/8 v UAE - 2014||Highest run chase achieved: 191/5 v Zimbabwe - 2015|
|Average RpO: 4.65||Average RpO: 7.60|
|Top run-scorers||Top run-scorers|
1343- Samiullah Shenwari
1297 - Mohammad Shahzad
1096 - Nawroz Mangal
1044 - Asghar Stanikzai
|1287 - Mohammad
607 - Asghar Stanikzai
586 - Mohammad Nabi
564 - Samiullah Shenwari
505 - Karim Sadiq
|Top wicket-takers||Top wicket-takers|
55 - Mohammad Nabi
54 - Hamid Hassan
43 - Samiullah Shenwari
39 - Shapoor Zadran
34 - Dawlat Zadran
31 - Hamid Hassan
26 - Samiullah Shenwari
25 - Shapoor Zadran
|Partnership Records||Partnership Records|
- 141 -
Karim Sadiq/Javed Ahmadi
2nd - 218* - Karim Sadiq/Mohammad Shahzad
3rd - 104* - Afsar Zazai/Nasir Jamal
4th - 144* - Nawroz Mangal/Samiullah Shenwari
5th - 125 - Samiullah Shenwari/Mohammad Nabi
6th - 164 - Asghar Stanikzai/Samiullah Shenwari
7th - 86 - Samiullah Shenwari/Najibullah Zadran
8th - 48 - Mohammad Nabi/Khaliq Dad
9th - 60 - Samiullah Shenwari/Hamid Hassan
10th - 49 - Mohammad Nabi/Aftab Alam
- Mohammad Shahzad/Usman Ghani
2nd - 110 - Mohammad Shahzad/Asghar Stanikzai
3rd - 79 - Mohammad Shahzad/Asghar Stanikzai
4th - 80 - Mohammad Shahzad/Samiullah Shenwari
5th - 98 - Samiullah Shenwari/Mohammad Nabi
6th - 56 - Noor Ali Zadran/Najibullah Zadran
7th - 33 - Mohammad Nabi/Raees Ahmadzai
33 - Najibullah Zadran/Nawlat Zadran
8th - 26 - Samiullah Shenwari/Mirwais Ashraf
9th - 44 - Gulbadin Naib/Shappor Zadran
10th - 15 - Hamid Hassan/Shapoor Zadran
15 - Shapoor Zadran/Amir Hamza
As at March 13, 2016
Cricket has been played in Afghanistan since the mid 19th century, but it is only in recent years that the national team has become successful.
The Afghanistan Cricket Federation was formed in 1995 and became an affiliate member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) in 2001 and a member of the Asian Cricket Council (ACC) in 2003.
The national team was formed in 2001, which played in the 2009 World Cup Qualifier after rising rapidly through the World Cricket League, starting in Division Five in May 2008. The team failed to qualify for the 2011 World Cup, but did not earn ODI status until 2013.
In February 2010, the Afghan cricket team secured qualification to the 2010 ICC World Twenty20, the team's first major tournament. In the same year they won their first Intercontinental Cup, beating Scotland in the final. Afghanistan also won the Asia Vs Caribbean T20 Championship and beat T&T, Bangladesh and Barbados.
The earliest record of cricket in Afghanistan is of British troops playing a match in Kabul in 1839, though it appears that no long lasting legacy of cricket was left by the British. In the 1990s, cricket became popular amongst the Afghan refugees residing in Pakistan, and the Afghanistan Cricket Board was formed there in 1995. They continued to play cricket on their return to their home country.
Like all sports, cricket was originally banned by the Taliban, but cricket became an exception in 2000 (being the only sport in Afghanistan to be approved by the Taliban) and the Afghanistan Cricket Federation was elected as an affiliate member of the ICC the following year. The national team was invited to play in the second tier of Pakistani domestic cricket the same year, and the tour brought international media attention to Afghan cricket when the US-led invasion of the country began whilst the team was in Pakistan. The team lost three and drew two of the five matches on the tour.
They played in two Pakistani tournaments in 2003, winning their first match that year. They began playing in Asian regional tournaments in 2004, finishing sixth in their first ACC Trophy. More success began in 2006 when they were runners-up to Bahrain in the Middle East Cup and beat an MCC side featuring former England captain Mike Gatting by 171 runs in Mumbai. Gatting was dismissed for a duck.
They toured England in the summer of 2006, winning six out of seven matches. Three of their wins came against the second XIs of Essex, Glamorgan and Leicestershire. They finished third in the ACC Trophy that year, beating Nepal in a play-off match. They won their first tournament in 2007, sharing the ACC Twenty20 Cup with Oman after the two tied in the final.
They began their qualifying campaign for the 2011 World Cup in Jersey in 2008, winning Division Five of the World Cricket League. They finished third in the ACC Trophy Elite tournament the same year, and won a second consecutive WCL tournament, Division Four in Tanzania later in the year. In January 2009, Afghanistan progressed to the 2009 World Cup Qualifier by winning Division Three of the World Cricket League in Buenos Aires, topping the table on net run rate ahead of Uganda and Papua New Guinea.
The national team at Rotterdam, 2010 ICC WCL Division One In the 2011 Cricket World Cup qualifying tournament, Afghanistan failed to progress to the World Cup, but earned ODI status for four years. Their first ODI was against Scotland in the 5th place play off, having previously beaten the Scots earlier in the tournament; Afghanistan won by 89 runs.
In the Intercontinental Cup Afghanistan played its first first-class match against a Zimbabwe XI in a four day match in Mutare. During the match, which was drawn, Afghan batsman Noor Ali scored centuries in both his innings, making him only the fourth player to do so on their first-class debut. Later, in August 2009, they played the Netherlands in same competition at the VRA Cricket Ground, winning a low scoring match by one wicket.
Afghanistan then took part in the 2009 ACC Twenty20 Cup in the United Arab Emirates. Afghanistan were drawn in Group A, a group which Afghanistan topped at the end of the group stages by winning all five of their matches. In the semi-finals the Afghans defeated Kuwait by 8 wickets. In the final they met the hosts, the United Arab Emirates, whom they defeated by 84 runs.
On 1 February 2010, Afghanistan played their first Twenty20 International against Ireland, which they lost by 5 wickets. On 13 February 2010, Afghanistan first defeated the United Arab Emirates by 4 wickets to make their way to the 2010 ICC World Twenty20 to be in the West Indies in April 2010. Later the same day they defeated Ireland by 8 wickets in the Final of 2010 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier and won the qualifier. Afghanistan were in Group C of the main tournament, with India and South Africa. During their first match against India, opening batsman Noor Ali hit 50 runs, helping Afghanistan to a score of 115 in their 20 overs. Despite this they lost the match by 8 wickets. In their second match, the team were reduced to 14/6 at one stage, before a late rally from Mirwais Ashraf and Hamid Hassan helped Afghanistan post 88 all out, resulting in a loss by 59 runs.
The team's Intercontinental Cup campaign continued in 2010, with wins over Ireland, Canada, Scotland and Kenya before they beat Scotland by 7 wickets in the final in Dubai.
Also in 2010, they won the ACC Trophy Elite tournament in Kuwait, beating Nepal in the final and finished third in Division One of the World Cricket League in the Netherlands. They took part in the cricket tournament at the 2010 Asian Games in China and won the silver medal, losing to Bangladesh in the final.
In 2011, Afghanistan begun playing in the 2011-13 ICC Intercontinental Cup. They beat Canada and drew with the UAE. In the parallel one-day league, they won two matches against Canada and lost twice to the UAE.
In March, 2013, they played two T20 Internationals against Scotland in UAE and prevailed in both matches. They also won two ODIs in World Cricket League Championship against the same opponents. Afghanistan drew level with Scotland in second in the WCL Championship table after the two convincing wins that boosted their hopes of securing automatic qualification for the 2015 World Cup. Ireland won the WCL Championship with 24 points, and Afghanistan came second with 19 points was qualified for World Cup.
Afghanistan also inflicted a crushing defeat on Scotland in their ICC Intercontinental Cup match. Afghanistan 275 (Shah 67*, Davey 4–53) beat Scotland 125 (Taylor 48*, Dawlatzai 6–57) and 145 (Coetzer 57, Dawlatzai 5–37) by an innings and 5 runs. Izatullah Dawlatzai took eleven wickets in the match as Afghanistan defeated Scotland by an innings and five runs in Abu Dhabi.
In December 2011, Afghanistan took part in the ACC Twenty20 Cup in Nepal, where they were drawn in the same group as Hong Kong, Oman, Kuwait and the Maldives. The event was a qualifier for the 2012 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier, but Afghanistan have already qualified for the event in the United Arab Emirates.
Further matches in the 2011–13 Intercontinental Cup and the associated one-day league will be played in 2012 against the Netherlands and Ireland and in 2013 against Scotland, Namibia and Kenya.
Afghanistan played its first One Day International against a Full Member of the International Cricket Council in February 2012 when they played a single match against Pakistan at Sharjah. Afghanistan also took on Australia Cricket Team for only ODI at Sharjah in August 2012. In July 2014 Afghanistan toured Zimbabwe to play its 1st full series against a full member. The 4 match ODI series finished 2–2 an the 2 match first class series finished 1–1.
With their victory over Zimbabwe on 25 December 2015, Afghanistan entered the top 10 of the ICC's ODI rankings for the first time.