Augusta National - Course Guide
Augusta National Golf Club, considered the masterpiece of the legendary Bobby Jones, the game's only Grand Slam winner, was built in the early 1930s and opened in 1934 with hardly any members, but is today rated by Americans in general as their country's most revered course.
Perhaps because it is in play year after year whereas its rival courses have to share the other three majors on a rotational basis, Augusta has an advantage, but there is no denying its beauty and condition which is especially evident when the Masters is held there in early spring
Every hole on the course is named after a tree or shrub that grows on the hole, some of them being Magnolia, Pink Dogwood, Flowering Crab Apple and Azalea, but perhaps the most famous holes are the testing 11th, 12th and 13th which have collectively come to be known as 'Amen Corner' after Herbert Warren gave them that name in a 1958 Sports Illustrated article.
Because of its history, the club has many features, but perhaps the best known are:
The Crows Nest
Reserved for amateurs who have qualified for the Masters by winning the US and British Amateurs, it provides living space for up to five individuals and golfers have to climb a narrow set of steps to get there.
One of ten members' cabins on the Augusta National property, it was built for member Dwight D. Eisenhower after his election as President of the United States. The cabin was built according to Secret Service security guidelines, and is adorned by an eagle located above the front porch.
A bridge over Rae's Creek that connects the fairway of Hole 12 to its green. It is constructed of stone and covered with artificial turf. The bridge was dedicated to Ben Hogan in 1958 to commemorate his 72-hole score of 274 strokes five years earlier, the course record at the time.
The main driveway leading from Washington Road to the course's clubhouse. The lane is flanked on either side by 61 magnolia trees, each grown from seeds planted by the Berckman family in the 1850s. Magnolia Lane is 330 yards (301.75 m) long and was paved in 1947.
A stonework bridge over Rae's Creek that connects the teeing ground of Hole 13 to its fairway. In 1958, it was dedicated to Byron Nelson to honour his performance in the 1937 Masters.
A bridge over the pond on Hole 15 that separates the fairway from the green. Made of stone, it was named after Gene Sarazen for his sensational albatross (double eagle) with a four wood at the 1935 Masters tournament which was called "the shot that went around the world" because of all the publicity both he and golf received internationally.
1st (Tea Olive)
445 yards, par 4: Deep bunker on the right, but the contours of the green make it a really tough opener. Tiger Woods has taken six, Phil Mickelson seven.
2nd (Pink Dogwood)
575 yards, par 5: Trees left a no-go area - they cost Padraig Harrington a nine last year. Bunkers left and right short of the green see a lot of action. Nick Faldo once holed a 100-foot eagle putt here.
3rd (Flowering Peach)
350 yards, par 4: Shortest par four on the course and a real teaser. The pear-shaped green with steep slope in front allows for some wicked pin placings. Cabrera birdied it three out of four times.
4th (Flowering Crab Apple)
240 yards, par 3: The back tee - not always used - turns it into a beast with the green sloping from back to front. Jeff Sluman aced it in 1992.
455 yards, par 4: Jack Nicklaus twice holed his second shot in 1995, but it is another devilishly difficult green.
180 yards, par 3: From an elevated tee down to a vast green with a huge slope in it. Jose Maria Olazabal took seven in 1991 and lost by one to Ian Woosnam.
450 yards, par 4: What used to be a real birdie chance had 35-40 yards added three years ago. Trees were also added and the green reshaped.
8th (Yellow Jasmine)
570 yards, par 5: The bunker on the right, about 300 yards out, pushes players left and from there it is harder to find the green in two up the steep hill. Bruce Devlin made an albatross two in 1967.
9th (Carolina Cherry)
460 yards, par 4: The tee was pushed back 30 yards in 2002. The raised green tilts sharply from the back and anything rolling off the front can continue down for 50-60 yards.
495 yards, par 4: A huge drop from tee to green and a big right-to-left shot required to get the maximum run. Over all the years of the Masters the most difficult hole.
11th (White Dogwood)
505 yards, par 4: A hole to be feared since the tee was moved back 10-15 yards four years ago, trees added down the right and the fairway shifted left. Water front and left.
12th (Golden Bell)
155 yards, par 3: Probably the most famous par three in golf. Narrow target, water in front, trouble at the back, it has seen everything from a one to Tom Weiskopf's 13 in 1980.
510 yards, par 5: Massive dogleg left where scores have ranged from Jeff Maggert's albatross two in 1994 to Tommy Nakajima's 13 in 1978. Rae's Creek runs down the left and then in front of the green.
14th (Chinese Fir)
440 yards, par 4: No bunkers, but three putts are common on a viciously sloping green. Joint course record holder Nick Price took eight here in 1993.
530 yards, par 5: Often a tough decision whether to go for the green in two across the pond on the hole where Gene Sarazen sank his 235-yard four-wood shot for an albatross in 1935.
170 yards, par 3: The hole always to be associated with Tiger Woods' chip-in in 2005, while Padraig Harrington and Ian Poulter have both aced it. There was also 73-year-old Billy Casper's record 14 four years ago.
440 yards, par 4: The Eisenhower Tree, that once stood just left of the fairway, was a famous feature. It was removed because of damage it sustained during an ice storm in February 2014 and although it didn’t really come into play much the iconic ‘Ike’s Tree’ will be missed. Control of the second shot is the key.
465 yards, par 4: The drive through an avenue of trees was made much harder when the tee was moved back 60 yards in 2002. The fairway bunker from which Sandy Lyle got up and down to win in 1988 is now 300 yards away.