This Week in History: Feb 10-16
1937 - Australian opener and captain and later commentator Bill Lawry
was born in Thornbury, Victoria.
* Lawry is a former cricketer who played for Victoria and Australia. He
captained Australia in 25 tests, winning nine, losing eight and drawing
eight, and led Australia in the inaugural One Day International match,
played in 1971.
* An opening batsman with a reputation for resolute defence, he had
the ability to spend long periods of time at the crease. As his career
progressed, he wound back his strokeplay to the point where he was
described by an English journalist as "the corpse with pads on".
Under his captaincy, Australia were whitewashed by South Africa in
1969/70. They fell to a 170-run loss in the first test in Cape Town,
with Lawry giving finger gestures to the crowd and continuously arguing
with the umpires. The Australian skipper managed only 2 in the first
innings as the hosts took a 218-run lead that set up the match. Lawry
scored 83 in the second innings, which was to be the highest Australian
score for the series, an indication of his team's lack of batting form.
At the end of match, angered by officiating that he considered to be
unacceptable, Lawry refused to accept a presentation by the two
* The series moved on to Kingsmead at Durban. Host captain Ali Bacher
outwitted Lawry by persuading the Australian skipper to toss long
before the start of play. Bacher won the toss and decided — against
conventional wisdom — to bat first on a green pitch that would normally
offer assistance to the bowlers. Immediately after, ground staff ran
onto the field and cut off all the grass, making in ideal for batting,
thereby giving the South Africans the advantage. Knowing the rules in
greater detail, Bacher had tricked Lawry. The laws of cricket allowed
for the wicket to be mown up to half an hour before the start of play,
so Bacher had talked Lawry in tossing early so that he could change the
pitch condition to advantage his team. South Africa amassed 9/622
declared and Australia fell to its first innings defeat in four years,
folding for 157 and 336. Lawry could not see off the hosts' opening
bowlers, falling for 15 and 14, as South Africa took a 2–0 lead.
* The last two tests brought no respite, as South Africa registered two
large victories by 307 and 323 runs respectively. Lawry only managed 79
runs in the last two tests, and passed 20 only once. Bacher's side,
which was regarded as one of the finest in test history, had inflicted
what remains the heaviest test series defeat in Australian cricket
Lawry's men did not win any of the three matches against provincial
sides after the start of the tests, meaning that they went eight
matches without victory.
* Lawry was unceremoniously dumped as captain and player for the final
test of the 1970–71 Ashes series in Australia. Lawry's sacking is
regarded as one of the more distasteful incidents in Australian cricket
history—he was not informed personally of the selectors' decision
before the decision was first broadcast on radio and he only became
aware of his fate when confronted by reporters.
* Lawry is part of the Nine Network cricket commentary team and has
been in the role for over 30 years.
- First Intercolonial match in Australia at Launceston Racecourse
between an eleven of Van Diemen's Land and the Colony of Victoria.
- Gundappa Viswanath is born in Bhadravati, Mysore.
* Viswanath is a former Indian cricketer. He was one of India's finest
batsmen throughout the 1970s.
* He played test cricket for India from 1969 to 1983 making 91
appearances and scoring over 6000 runs. He also played in One Day
Internationals from 1974 to 1982 including the World Cups of 1975 and
* At state level, he played for Karnataka (formerly Mysore) throughout
* Viswanath, popularly nicknamed Vishy, had an elegant and wristy
batting style which emphasised timing rather than power. Though he had
a complete repertoire of shots around the wicket, Viswanath's favourite
was the square cut, a shot he often used to great effect against fast
bowlers. He usually fielded at slip position.
- Andy Ganteaume, 53 not out overnight in second test between West
Indies and England at Bridgetown, completed a century and finished with
112 in what would prove to be his only test innings.
* Ganteaume is a Trinidadian former cricketer who played one test match
for the West Indies in 1948 as a batsman. He scored 112 in his only
test innings, which left him with highest test batting average in
* Ganteaume played for Trinidad from a young age and was chosen to
play in a test match against England following his good batting form in
1948. However, his slow scoring probably cost him his place and he
never played another test, although he toured England with the West
Indies in 1957.
As of 2013, Ganteaume is the oldest surviving West Indies test
- South Africa is bowled out for 30 runs in their second innings by
England at Port Elizabeth. This remains their lowest test score,
equalled in 1924 at Headingley.
- After 48 years and in the 48th test between the two countries, New
Zealand finally win a test match against England, winning by 72 runs in
a low-scoring match at Wellington.
* Though England's form and fortune struck rock bottom in the crucial
final innings, it was a great and deserved triumph for New Zealand and
for Richard Hadlee, the fast bowling son of Walter Hadlee, the former
test captain and much-respected chairman of the NZ Cricket Council.
Success was all the sweeter, and more exciting, because of the
remarkable turnaround of the match. At tea on the fourth day the air
was loaded with foreboding for New Zealand; the portents were all for
the pattern of history to continue.
Willis, supported by superb catching, had caused a collapse of nine for
41 in two hours and England, with time of no concern, had to score a
moderate 137 to win.
Only two hours later, New Zealand gloom was transformed into joy as
England, with Rose retired with a bruised right arm, tottered on the
brink of defeat with eight down for 53. England, in turn, had been
routed by Richard Hadlee and Collinge. The next morning, after a
frustrating delay of forty minutes for rain, New Zealand took
forty-nine minutes to complete a famous victory in an understandably
emotional atmosphere. The crowd gathered in front of the pavilion and
sang "For they are jolly good fellows", followed by three cheers.
Hadlee fittingly took the last two wickets. In the first innings he had
four for 74, and in the second six for 26. Apart from one over by Dayle
Hadlee, Richard Hadlee and Collinge bowled unchanged as England were
dismissed for 64. England's previous lowest total against New Zealand
was 181 at Christchurch in 1929-30 - the first series between the
Without detracting in any way from the magnificence of Hadlee and
Collinge, who took his 100th test and 500th first-class wicket during
the match - and twice dismissed the key batsman Boycott - it would be
kind to draw a discreet veil over England's performance.
Both Hadlee and Collinge tore into the attack with hostility, skill,
and speed on a pitch of uneven bounce, and England's response, once
Boycott was bowled off his pads, was inept in the extreme.
In some ways it was a bizarre game with a gale-force wind blowing
directly down the pitch on the first day, and changing direction
several times during the next four playing days.
For Boycott it was a disheartening experience. On winning the toss he
chose to bowl - a decision which was fully expected of either captain -
and his gamble might have succeeded but for the resolve and skill of
the Derbyshire left-hander, Wright, in his first test.
Surviving a strong appeal for a catch at the wicket against Willis off
the first ball of the game, Wright settled into a groove of brave and
skilled defiance which had an important bearing on the result. Nothing
He waited forty-seven minutes for his first run, and ended the opening
day of five hours forty minutes - there were two interruptions for rain
and bad light - 55 not out. What New Zealand's fate might have been but
for Wright was not difficult to imagine.
Though he was out next day without adding to his score, Wright had laid
the foundation for his side's victory. Another vital contribution came
from the former captain, Congdon, as he celebrated his 40th birthday.
Only Wright and Congdon were able to cope with an attack in which Old
All but three of Old's overs on the first day were bowled into the
teeth of the gale. During the afternoon he sent down eleven overs for
only 13 runs, capturing a second wicket in the bargain, and added
another seven overs after tea. His considerable feat of stamina led to
figures of six for 54, his best in 35 tests.
At one nine-over stage Old had four for 11. New Zealand lost four
wickets for 5 runs - thanks to some acrobatic catching by Taylor - and
the total was a disappointing 228 in 502 minutes.
It seemed nothing like large enough, particularly as Boycott, at his
most obdurate, could not be budged. England, despite the departure of
Miller - caught in two minds - in the last over, finished at 89 for two.
On the third day Boycott's hourly scoring was 10, 12, 6 (including a
boundary), and 12. Congdon, used as a defensive ploy in the overs
before the new ball was due in most tests in the series, delivered
seven successive maidens, and conceded only 7 runs in ten overs. When
the new ball was taken after 67 overs, England were still 82 short of
New Zealand's total and in the end they were led by 13 runs.
It was a trying innings for Boycott. Grit constantly got behind his
contact lenses - in his own words, the wind crucified his eyes - and at
68 he was struck over his right eye attempting to hook Richard Hadlee.
By then he had celebrated passing Sir Jack Hobbs's test aggregate of
5 410 runs - when 61 - but when he was sixth out England dismally
faded into nothing. Boycott batted for seven hours twenty-two minutes,
faced 304 balls, and hit nine boundaries.
Wright and Anderson put on 54 for the first wicket and New Zealand were
sitting comfortably until Willis found his rhythm and speed. In 31
balls he captured four for 14. With Botham in accurate support,
Howarth, Congdon, Parker and Burgess were out in the course of 6 runs.
New Zealand went from 82 for one to 123, but the mood of resignation to
defeat was magically transformed when Boycott, going for the drive, was
bowled off the 12th ball. Bowling and catching were uplifted, and by
the time the total was a paltry 18, Miller, Randall and Roope were
dismissed; Rose was out of action. Despite a flurry by Botham, England
at 53 for eight at the close were a beaten side and New Zealand's
finest hour had arrived. They deserved the congratulations of the
© John Wisden & Co
- Desmond Haynes is born in Barbados.
* Haynes is a West Indian cricketer and cricket coach. He was a Wisden
Cricketer of the Year in 1991.
Haynes formed a formidable partnership with Gordon Greenidge for the
West Indies cricket team in test cricket during the 1980s. Between them
they managed 16 century stands, four in excess of 200. The pair made
6482 runs while batting together in partnerships, the second highest
total for a batting partnership in Test cricket history.
* Haynes favoured a more measured approach to batting. He compiled 7487
runs in 116 Test matches at an average of 42.29, his highest test
innings coming against England in 1984 with 184 off 395 balls.
* He is one of the few test batsman to have been dismissed handled the
ball, falling in this fashion against India on 24 November 1983. He is
also one of the few players to have scored a century on an ODI debut.
* He first made his name on the international scene with 148 against
Australia at Antigua in a One-Day International against Australia and
until recently Haynes held a number of ODI records, including most runs
and most centuries. His 148 against Australia came on his debut match
in One Day International which still remains the highest run ever made
by a batsman on debut in ODI as well as the fastest century scored by
an ODI debutant.
* He played in the World Cup of 1979, won by the West Indies, and
returned to the competition in 1983, 1987 and 1992. In the 25 World Cup
matches, Haynes scored 854 runs at 37.13 with three fifties and one
* As of 10 December 2013 Haynes remains one of the only two players in
the history of ODI cricket to have scored century on both debut and
last match played, the only other being English batsman Dennis Amiss.
* Haynes, when facing Australia in the bitter 1990–91 series, clashed
verbally with Ian Healy, Merv Hughes, Craig McDermott and David Boon,
who christened him 'Dessie'. He is also noted for using delaying
tactics against England during the 1989–90 test series.
* Like most West Indian openers, Haynes was strong against pace and,
after struggling against spin early in his career, developed into a
strong player of slow bowling, exemplified by his knocks of 75 and 143
against Australia on an SCG dustbowl in 1989.[
* Haynes had a successful career in English county cricket, playing 95
first class games for Middlesex, scoring 7071 runs at 49.1 with a best
of 255* against Sussex. He was awarded his Middlesex cap in 1989 and
played at Lords till 1994.
* He played 63 first class matches for Barbados from 1976/77 to
1994/95, scoring 4843 at 49.92 with a top score of 246; and 21 games
for Western Province from 1994/95 to 1996/97, making 1340 runs at 40.6
with a best of 202*. In all first class cricket he made 26030 runs at
45.90 and 15651 more in 419 one day games at 42.07 with a top score of
He scored 61 first class hundreds in all and won 55-man of the match
awards in all forms of the game.
After his retirement from the game in 1997 Haynes has served as
Chairman of Selectors of the Barbados Cricket Association, President of
Carlton Cricket Club, Secretary of the West Indies Players Association
and is currently a Director of the West Indies Cricket Board. He is a
former Government Senator and was Chairman of the National Sports
Council. His main relaxation is golf. A biography Lion of Barbados was
published about him, punning on his middle name 'Leo'.
- Ellis Achong, who appeared in six tests in the 1930s and is sometimes
credited as the origin of the term "chinaman" to describe slow left-arm
unorthodox spin bowling, is born in Trinidad.
* Achong was a sportsman from Trinidad and Tobago in the West Indies.
He played cricket for the West Indies and was the first person of
Chinese descent to play in a test match. Left-arm unorthodox spin
(left-arm wrist spin) is sometimes known as "slow left-arm chinaman"
(SLC) which is thought to be in his honour.
* Achong was born in Belmont, Port of Spain. He played football as a
left-winger for a local team, Maple, in the 1920s and 1930s, and
represented Trinidad and Tobago from 1919 to 1932.
* Achong is better known for playing cricket. He was mainly a bowler.
His stock ball was left-arm orthodox spin (left-arm finger spin), but
one of his variations was unorthodox left-arm spin. After bowling this
variation to have Walter Robins stumped at Old Trafford in 1933, it is
reputed that Robins said to the umpire Joe Hardstaff Sr., "fancy being
done by a bloody Chinaman". Learie Constantine is said to have replied:
"Do you mean the bowler or the ball?"
* An unorthodox left-arm spin delivery (spinning from the off side to
the leg side for a right-handed batsman) is known as a "chinaman" as a
result. However, Achong was not the earliest recorded test match player
to bowl unorthodox left-arm spin – that is believed to be Charles
Llewellyn of South Africa. However, the connection between Achong and
the term "chinaman" is not conclusively proven.
* Achong played in six test matches for the West Indies against the
English cricket team from 1930 to 1935, three in the West Indies and
three in the 1933 tour of England.
* In all, Achong took eight test wickets at a bowling average of 47.25,
but his test figures belie his much greater success at regional level
in the West Indies between 1929–30 and 1934–35. In the final of the
Inter-Colonial Tournament of 1931–32, he took 3 for 74 and 7 for 73 to
bowl Trinidad to victory over British Guiana.
* He married during the 1933 tour of England and settled in Manchester.
After his last test match, he continued to play cricket for several
clubs in the Lancashire Leagues until 1951, taking over 1,000 wickets,
including 10 in an innings for Burnley against Todmorden in 1945.
* He returned to Trinidad and Tobago in 1952, and stood as a test
umpire in the 4th test between West Indies and England at Port of Spain
in March 1954, a high-scoring draw in which West Indies scored an
imposing 681 for 8 declared, with the 3 "W"s (Everton Weekes, Frank
Worrell and Clyde Walcott) all scoring centuries in West Indies' first
innings, and Peter May and Denis Compton doing the same in England's
537 in reply.
* Achong ultimately became a sports coach with the Trinidad and Tobago
Ministry of Education, coaching and selecting the Trinidad and Tobago
cricket team. He died aged 82 in St. Augustine.